Connecticut

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Avon, CT: Local TDR Enabling Ordinance

This ordinance enables transfer of development rights (TDR) in Avon, Connecticut.  The ordinaces establishes regulations in to enable TDR in areas identified as having a high priority for preservation (sending areas) to areas identified as appropriate for multi-family development (receiving areas).  The goal of the ordinance is to preserve natural resources and open space while directing development to the appropriate locations. 

Land Conservation Survey

The town of Lebanon, Connecticut commissioned the Center for Survey Research and Analysis (CSRA) to conduct a telephone survey of registered voters in the town to gather opinions about land usage and potential referendums. The survey of 400 registered voters was conducted from November 18 to November 22, 2008. This section summarizes the key findings of the survey.

Woodstock and NRCS: Agriculture and Community, A Case Study

This case study looks at the importance of agriculture to the community of Woodstock Connecticut and the reciprocal importance and support of that community to agriculture. It also documents both typical and creative steps that have and can be undertaken to support and conserve agriculture, shared community values and the land as examples for other communities.

Town of Lebanon Build-Out Analysis and Cost of Community Services Study

A Build-Out Analysis is a valuable tool to help a community understand the impacts of development based on current land use regulations. Once a community understands these implications and has a clear vision for its future, it can determine if current regulations meet their needs or if alternatives should be investigated and additional steps taken to address their goals.

Regulating the Farm: Improving Agriculture's Viability in the Capitol Region

While many state and local agricultural policy efforts focus on the permanent preservation of working lands, farming operations and farmers need more than protected land to operate in a sustainable manner in the Capitol Region. Farms are businesses that contribute significantly to local, regional and state economic development and security, job creation, tax bases, natural resource protection and quality of life. However, farms are also businesses that face challenges that are unique in the regional economy.

Regionalist Approaches to Farm and Food Systems Policy: A Focus on the Northeast

This paper explores why agriculture and food system policy needs to pay more attention to regions. Regionalism, which urges a move from sector-based to place-based policymaking, has emerged as a powerful principle in public policy. Applied to agriculture and food policy, it acknowledges the regional diversity of the U.S. farm and food system and enables important differences between regions to be articulated and addressed more explicitly in the policy making
process.

Connecticut-Grown Advertising and Promotion Statutes

The CT Grown Program is an ongoing initiative to increase the demand for Connecticut products from within and from outside the region, increase sales and value of Connecticut products, increase direct sales, increase farm numbers and production to ensure equilibrium supply and demand, diversification of farm products and farm use capabilities, increase visibility of Connecticut products via the "CT Grown Logo", and to improve and provide quality assurance and educate the consumer "at large".

Connecticut Farm to School Statute

The Farm to School program promotes the sale of state grown farm products to school districts and individual schools under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education (DOE). The bill also calls for the DOE to promote events such as Connecticut Grown for Connecticut Kids week to bring school childrent together with agriculture both in and outside the classroom.

Fiscal Impacts of Major Land Uses in the Town of Hebron, Connecticut

A comparison of annual revenues and expenditures for the three major land uses in the town of Hebron -- Residential, Commercial/Industrial and, Agricultural and Forest Lands -- was conducted. Based on town data and interviews with town officials, it was found that for each $1.00 of revenue generated by the Residential sector $1.06 in services was expended. The ratio for Commercial/Industrial was $1.00:$0.42 and $1.00:$0.36 for Agricultural and Forest Lands.

Connecticut Eminent Domain Mitigation for Ag. Lands Statute

Farmland mitigation policies attempt to compensate for the conversion of agricultural land to another use by requiring permanent protection of “comparable” agricultural land. In 2004, Connecticut lawmakers adopted Public Act No. 04-222, which requires municipalities, towns, cities, boroughs and districts to mitigate the loss of active agricultural land taken by eminent domain.

Farmland Transfer and Protection in New England

The purpose of this guide is to assist New England farmers with “the complex interpersonal, legal and financial considerations that can constrain or derail a farm transfer and jeopardize a farm’s future viability. The guide offers a variety of perspectives and strategies, includes worksheets to help users think through critical issues, and identifies sources of more technical information.”

Connecticut Requires Farmland Mitigation for Eminent Domain

On May 19, 2004, the Connecticut Legislature passed Public Act No. 04-222, requiring local governments to mitigate the loss of active agricultural land they take by eminent domain. Beginning on July 1, 2004, the law requires a local government to either purchase an agricultural conservation easement on "an equivalent amount of active agricultural land of comparable or better soil quality" within its jurisdiction or pay a mitigation fee to the state's farmland protection program to protect similar land elsewhere in the state.

Problems in Implementing Farmland Preservation Policies in Connecticut

Connecticut has become determined to preserve as much as possible of its small remaining amount of farmland, but it has been increasingly difficult to design programs to implement farmland preservation policies. The most successful program has been the differential assessment of farmland, adopted by the legislature in 1963 and now utilized by most farmers. A State program to purchase the development rights of farmland was instituted in 1978. The high cost to the taxpayers of an adequate program is the major long-term problem.

Public and Farmer Support for Purchase of Development Rights in the Metropolitan Northeast

Purchase of development rights (PDR) programs enjoy public as well as farmer support. PDR refers to a land use control initiative that intends to limit the use of agricultural land to farm production by making it unavailable for development. Public support for PDR is explained by the efforts of non-farm residents to preserve the rural atmosphere of the area. Farmer support, on the other hand, is dictated by market forces, such that growth in the number of farms increases farmer support of PDR.

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